(PDF) NECO Syllabus For Building & Construction 2020/2021

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(PDF) NECO Syllabus For Building & Construction 2020/2021 

In this article, we will be sharing the 2020/2021 NECO exam syllabus for building and construction. This article is specifically for all candidates who enrolled for the 2020/2021 NECO exam. Without much talk, let’s get to it!

NECO Syllabus For Building & Construction 2020/2021

Introduction to Building

  • Definition of building
  • Classification and types
  • Introduction to National Building Codes. (Building regulations and Byelaw requirements

Building Construction and Construction Team

  • Definition, purpose and procedures for building construction
  • Parties in the construction team. (Client’s team, contractor’s team and statutory personnel.
  • Function of the team members.
  • Relationship of the parties

Safety Practices

  • Definition of safety, rules and regulation.
  • Hazards in the workshop and construction site.
  • Causes and method of accident prevention.
  • Safety equipment and measures at construction site.
  • First aid equipment, procedures and safety wears.
  • Safety in working with dangerous equipment and materials (electricity, scaffolding, formwork, cement, roof, etc).

Basic tools, equipment and machines

  • Identification and functions of basic.
  • Tools and equipment.
  • Care of tools and equipment.

Site clearing and levelling

  • Operations involved in site clearing.
  • Tools and equipment for site clearing and levelling.
  • Basic site levelling operations

Site organization and layout

  • Preliminary operations in building construction.
  • Procedure for site layout.
  • Location, boundary lines, hoarding, hutments and access road
  • Setting out
  • Methods of setting-out. (3:4:5 method, Builders’ square method).
  • Tools and equipment for setting out

Building Drawing

  • Use of drawing tools and simple exercise on plane geometry in relation to building.
  • Building drawing symbols
  • Scales used in building and their application on site.
  • Production drawings and interpretations (Plans, Elevations, sections and details).
  • Special details (Detailing building elements including doors and windows schedule).
  • Scaling (Enlargement, pictorial and perspectives.
  • Definitions and use of Auto-CADD.

Excavation and earth-work

  • Classifications, types and properties of soil.
  • Definition and function of excavation
  • Methods of excavations.
  • Tools, equipment and plant used for excavation.
  • Solution to excavation problems (Earthwork support, timbering battering and dewatering).
  • Safety rules during excavations.


  • Definition, purpose and functional requirement of foundation.
  • Types of foundation.
  • Factors that determine choice of foundation

Ground Floors

  • Types, functions and functional requirement of ground floor.
  • Methods of construction ground floor.
  • Definition of basement.
  • Explain differences between building with basement and without basement.
  • Problems relating basement in a building

Suspended floors

  • Definition and functions of upper floor
  • Methods of construction concrete floors and timber upper floors

WAEC Syllabus For Building Construction – Concrete

  • Definition and types of concrete.
  • Materials for concrete.
  • Definitions types, components and manufacture of cement. Properties and uses of cement including other alternatives to cement product e.g. Pozzolana, Pulverize fuel Ash (P.F.A.), Rice husk ash (R.H.A), etc
  • Types and uses of aggregates (other aggregates such as palm kernel shell) and periwinkle, etc.
  • Types and uses of reinforcements.
  • Properties and characteristic of concrete
  • Process of concrete production.
  • Types of concrete tests.

WAEC Syllabus For Building Construction – Walls

  • Definition, types and functions of walls
  • Definition, types and properties of walling materials. (including locally sourced materials).
  • Manufacturing processes of walling materials (clay, brick, blocks and concrete blocks).
  • Sizes of blocks and bricks.
  • Mortar mixes for brick. (vi) Methods of wall construction
  • Timber wall construction.
  • Definition and function of wall openings.
  • Methods of constructing wall opening.
  • Functions of lintels and arches

WAEC Syllabus For Building Construction – Doors and windows

  • Definition, functions and types of doors and windows.
  • Methods of mixing doors and window frames

WAEC Syllabus For Building Construction – Staircases

  • Definition, classification, types and uses of stairs.
  • Materials used for construction of stairs.
  • Materials used for finishing staircases

Plumbing installations and drainage system

  • Types of fitting in plumbing and sanitary works.
  • Materials for plumbing works and fittings.
  • Types of sanitary appliances.
  • Soil and waste appliances.
  • Installation of sanitary appliances.
  • Terms used in drainage works.
  • Principles and functional requirement of drainage system.
  • Types of drainage system.
  • Types of drainage materials (pipes and fittings).
  • Methods of laying and testing drain lines.
  • Description of septic and soakaway (inspection chamber, manhole, etc

Electrical installation and solar energy system

  • Electrical symbols, installation terms and materials.
  • Identification and uses of electrical wiring materials.
  • Types of electrical wiring.
  • Definition, functions and components of solar energy systems

WAEC Syllabus For Building Construction – Roofs

  • Definition, purpose and types of roof.
  • Functional requirements of roof.
  • Materials used for roofs.
  • Roof covering materials.
  • Protection of roof from wind, rain, lightening, etc

WAEC Syllabus For Building Construction – Finishes


  • Types and characteristics of floor finishes.
  • Methods of laying floor finishes.
  • Uses of floor finishes.
  • Care and maintenance of floor finishes.


  • Types and characteristics of wall finishes
  • Plastering and rendering
  • Types of rendering
  • Methods of applying plastering and rendering mix.


  • Types and function of ceiling finishes.
  • Ceiling finishing materials.

WAEC Syllabus For Building Construction – External Work

  • Types of fence, materials for fencing and construction of fence.
  • Types of gate, fixing of gates and production of gate.
  • Types and materials for construction of access roads.
  • Construction of access road.
  • Needs and materials for landscaping.
  • Procedures for landscaping.

Types of Business Organization and Ways of Raising Capital

  • Principles and Management of Business Organization in the building industry.
  • Types of Business Organization in the Building Industry.
  • Types and sources of Capital
  • Book Keeping
  • Book Keeping:
  • Book Keeping in small scale businesses.
  • Books of original entries.

Contract Work

  • Definition and types of contract.
  • Contract documents.
  • Parties to a contract.

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Prince Nchiba is a software engineer that just loves sharing his knowledge.

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